The History of Web Design in Houston

As the Internet has evolved, so has web design in Houston. Over the years, people have enhanced the way websites are planned, designed, created, and maintained. Web design in Houston has become one of the essential aspects of online technology, responsible for a world primarily characterized by cool graphic layouts and fancy text.

Some companies, such as FuelFX–an industry application and web design company based in Houston–who use an elaborate collection of web development tools to create solutions for explaining more complex concepts in industries like oil and gas. Today, due to the great leaps made in web design—not to mention greater accessibility to the Internet—there are more than 2 billion Internet users, as well as over 240 million websites. The web has a rich, scientific history which began decades ago.

The Beginning

The Internet was invented in the 1960s. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), in particular, is credited as being the predecessor of what we now know as the Internet. It was named after the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA, later DARPA), a division of the U.S. Department of Defense which used the network for its projects at universities and research laboratories. The network comprised four small computers, which were then called Interface Message Processors. (They will later be known as routers.) Professionals that included scientists, military officers, scientists, professors, and doctors relied on the Internet for transferring information within their respective groups. The Internet was on its way to becoming commercialized.

World Wide Web

Before the appearance of websites, people used FTP (File Transfer Protocol) and other types of network protocol to get individual files from a server. These files consisted of non-formatted plain text or used word processor formats. That began to change when in 1990, computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web (WWW). This system consists of interlinked hypertext documents that people could access via the Internet. By then, commercial Internet Service Providers, or ISPs, had begun to emerge, thus granting wider access to the Internet. And now, people could create a collection of documents called web pages, which they could host on a server, complete with formatted text, with the ability to add images. These collections were called websites, and the publicly published ones comprise the World Wide Web.

HTML and CSS

Lee's invention of the World Wide Web was the result of a decade of research. As far back as 1980 he had devised the prototype for the system, and within the next decade he was able to come up with a markup language to create web pages. This language is known as HTML. Currently in its fifth generation (HTML5), HTML has remained the basic foundation for website building and design. It consists of elements called tags. Typed with angled brackets, most tags are pairs that consist of open and closed tags. The tags are used for a variety of functions on a web page. Such functions include adding headers; determining text size and color; and embedding images, audio, and video. In 1996 another language, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), came along to assist HTML in defining the look and layout of text and other elements on websites.

Web 2.0 and Applications

Since the 1990s, web design has rapidly advanced. In 2003, the advent of the second-generation of the World Wide Web—named Web 2.0—kicked off the rise of user-based information, social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, blogging and DIY web design tools like WordPress, and widespread use across various industries. With the growth of mobile devices like smartphones in the late-2000s, website professionals now include design systems more suitable for viewing on smaller electronics.